|PREDICTION OF GLACIAL HAZARDS AND
DISASTERS IN THE CENTRAL CAUCASUS, RUSSIA
Main project page
Project description summary
hazards (including debris flows, rockfalls, glacier
avalanches, rock avalanches, glacial-lake outbursts), are
an important threat to security in mountain areas
worldwide. These processes act in response to the
inherent instability of glacial environments and to the
rapid change in these environments, manifested in
dramatic glacial ice loss, resulting from global climatic
change. Natural disasters caused by glacial hazards were
some of the most destructive in the last 100 years; over
50,000 people have lost their lives in these events.
Moreover, glacial hazards have impacted infrastructure
downstream from glaciers in the mountainous regions of
We focus on the analysis of glacial hazards in the
Caucasus Mountains of the Russian Federation, typified by
the 2002 Kolka Glacier disaster. In which 125 people
perished. Enhanced risk management of glacial hazards
will contribute to the saving of lives in this region and
to enhanced peace and security.
In the project we develop and utilise state-of-the-art
science and technology in the fields of remote sensing,
glaciology, geomorphology, geotechnical engineering,
geohazard assessment and risk management. We strive to
integrate the existing methodology in these separate
subjects into a novel multi-disciplinary approach to the
assessment of glacial hazards for enhanced risk
management. In this endeavour we will use existing tools
and software, as well as extensive field data already
gathered in the Caucasus.
We will also further improve tools and methodologies
currently under development by project participants.
Briefly these are geographic information systems,
satellite image analysis, dynamic modelling of
catastrophic events, database development, field
geomorphological, glaciological, hydrological, geological
and meteorological methods.
Further information is available at the project website